Unfair dismissal claims 1998 – 2011

by Laurie Anstis on April 18, 2012

As a follow up to yesterday’s post I have now prepared a chart showing the numbers of unfair dismissal claims lodged from 1998 – 2011 (the longest period for which I have the figures).

During this time period, in June 1999 the qualifying period for unfair dismissal rights was cut from two years to one year, and in October 1999 the cap on compensation for unfair dismissal rose from £12,000 to £50,000. There does seem to be a small increase in claims from 1998 to 1999, which may or may not be related to these factors.

Also during this time, from October 2004 to April 2009 the statutory dispute resolution procedures applied, which meant that some claims would be rejected because the employee had not complied with the procedures. The figures show the number of claims actually accepted, and there were a small but appreciable number of claims which were initially rejected but never properly re-submitted and accepted by the tribunals. For instance, in 2005 a total of 7,391 claims of various types were rejected for failure to comply with the new procedures, and never validly re-submitted and accepted. This may account for the slight trough in claims accepted between 2004 – 2007, although doesn’t account for 2008, when the rules were still in place and there were still similar number of claims being rejected.

The figures are taken from the same reports as before. Up to 2004 claims were recorded by “main jurisdiction” and “other jurisdiction”, depending on what the main element of the claim was assessed as being. I have combined the main jurisdiction and other jurisdiction elements to assess the total number of unfair dismissal claims (the figure in yesterday’s post for 1998 covered only the “main juridiction” claims). Also up to 2004 unfair dismissal claims relating to a transfer of an undertaking and health and safety were recorded separately, but have been combined in my figures. Each year stretches from 1 April to 31 March, so the reference to, say, 2000 actually covers the year 1 April 2000 to 31 March 2001. The figures for 2011 are a projection based on the mean number of claims for the three quarters for which data is available. As before, any corrections or observations gratefully received in the comments.

One comment

The increase in unfair dismissal claims between 1998-99 and 1999-2000 was not a small one in my opinion – up from 37,000 to 44,500 i.e. an increase of 7,500 from a base of 37,000 – about 20% – in one year. I personally think it is likely that was related to the reduction in the qualifying period and we will see a similar level decrease in claims next year when the increase in qualifying period back up to 2 years kicks in.

by @anyapalmer on 18 April 2012 at 3:01 pm. #